Are Harvard and Chicago referencing the same?

Two widely used referencing forms in assignment writing service are Chicago and Harvard. We'll look at the differences between referencing and of-text citations in these two forms in this post.

Chicago and Harvard referencing's key distinction are that Chicago used footnotes and endnotes for direct quotes and paraphrasing tool material, while Harvard uses author-date in-text citations. 

Before going into differences first, we must know about these two referencing styles:

What is Chicago Referencing? 

The Chicago referencing style is mainly used by English authors in the United States, a popular style in historical journals. For direct quotations and paraphrases, this citation form employs footnotes and endnotes.

What is Harvard Referencing?

The Harvard citation style is similar to the APA citation style. This is one of the most used referencing styles in the United Kingdom and Australia, especially in the humanities.


Chicago vs Harvard Referencing




A number is allocated to the cited or paraphrased material. This number guides readers to the bibliography and footnotes. As an example,

Seo stated that, “Competitive computer gaming (eSports) has emerged as an important aspect of virtual-world consumption [1].”


In-text citation:

Always use an in-text citation while quoting or paraphrasing from another source in the body of your work. The author's last name and publication year are included in an in-text citation in Harvard format. The in-text citation is usually found at the end of the paragraph that has been quoted or paraphrased.


Some examples of Chicago style references for various types of publications and sources are given below.


Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name, Publication Date.


Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published.

Journal article:

Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal Name Volume Number (Year Published): Page Numbers.


Last Name, First Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).




Last name, First initial. (Year published). Title. Edition. (Only include the edition if it is not the first edition) City published: Publisher, Page(s).

Journal articles:

Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Journal, Volume (Issue), Page(s).


Last name, First initial (Year published). Page title. [online] Website name. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].


Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Newspaper, Page(s).



On a concluding note, Chicago and Harvard referencing generator are used for citing sources but both differ at some points mainly in-text citing and referencing. All of the differences are mentioned above, so go through the content and if you want to know details about both citations then visit Chicago referencing site.