Beekeeping is the activity dedicated to raising bees and providing them with the necessary care in order to obtain and consume the products that they are capable of producing and collecting. The main product obtained from this activity is honey. Honey is a factor of benefit to humans. An indirect benefit resulting from the foraging activity carried out by bees corresponds to the pollination carried out by these insects. The similar cultivation of other honey-producing bees (meliponids) is called meliponiculture.

Vespiculture is the exploitation of the few species of honey wasps. This activities brings about an economic development as many beekeepers gain revenues because of their harvesting operations. Another way to know whether it is beneficial or not, can be determined via surveys such microbeads/plastic sheeting which have been found on plastic bags used during euengaival shopping mall area festivals around the world.